Douris (-520 - -450). Douris or Duris was an ancient Athenian red-figure vase-painter and potter active to 460 BCE. He began his career painting for the potters Kleophrades and Euphronios, before beginning a long collaboration with the potter Python. He signed 39 vases as a painter, also one as a potter and painter, and one vase as a potter only. Between 250 and 300 vases are ascribed to him. The majority of these vases are kylixes, i.e. cups. His name seems to have been popular, since one finds it on other vases: it is reproduced on a cup by Onesimos. On the basis of these signatures, his kalos inscriptions, and of the subsidiary decoration of the vases, the art historian John Beazley divided his career into four principal periods: Is characterized by a full ornamentation of diverse border motifs. The preferred subjects are the symposium, the komoi, and warriors. The period is marked out by the use of the kalos-inscription Chairestratos. Beazley suggests that at this time Douris could have worked side by side with Onesimos in the same workshop. Douris' collaboration with Euphronios ends; from then on, he paints for the potter Python. Chairestratos remains the preferred kalos-inscription. Subsidiary decoration begins to recede, and the majority of the medallions do not have an edge. The favoured subjects are the scenes of youths and athletes. The hand of Douris is made clear from now on by the characteristic use of a kind of hook for the inner end of the collarbone. A characteristic piece of the period of the period is a psykter decorated with drunken satyrs, reproducing in a grotesque manner the different stages of intoxication. Douris' style is here at its most idiosyncratic. The edges of the medallion are characterized by the alternation of an element of a meander and squares; palmettes decorate the handles of the cup. The kalos-inscriptions Hippodamas become prevalent; Douris' signatures become scarcer. Douris returns to the scenes of the symposium, and to depictions of warriors and school-scenes. A characteristic piece of this period is the cup known as of the pieta of Memnon: Eos carries the body of her son Memnon, killed by Achilles during the Trojan War. Douris returns to a full ornamentation. The borders sometimes retain the period-3 border of alternating stopt maeanders and saltire crosses, but gradually revert to the common type; the palmettes on the handles become complicated and of the motifs of the lotus appear in parallel. Douris' signatures disappear altogether and the kalos-inscriptions decrease in frequency; one finds Polyphrasmon and HIketes. The drawing quality degenerates in grace and force.