Aberdeen Art Gallery. Aberdeen Art Gallery is the main visual arts exhibition space in the city of Aberdeen, Scotland. It was founded in 1884, in a building designed by Alexander Marshall Mackenzie. In 1900 it received the art collection of Alexander Macdonald, a local granite merchant. The permanent collection including works by 18th century British artists including Henry Raeburn, William Hogarth, Allan Ramsay and Joshua Reynolds, and 20th century artists including Paul Nash and Francis Bacon, the Post-Impressionists and the Scottish Colourists as well as applied arts and crafts. The central hall is supported by granite columns in a variety of colours, derived from different quarries in the local area and far beyond. At the western end of the building, with a room inside and a monument outside, is a major war memorial.