Albertina. The Albertina is a museum in the Innere Stadt of Vienna, Austria. It houses one of the largest and most important print rooms in the world with approximately 65,000 drawings and approximately 1 million old master prints, as well as more modern graphic works, photographs and architectural drawings. Apart from the graphics collection the museum has recently acquired on permanent loan two significant collections of Impressionist and early 20th-century art, some of which will be on permanent display. The museum also houses temporary exhibitions. The Albertina was erected on one of the last remaining sections of the fortifications of Vienna, the Augustinian Bastion. Originally, the Hofbauamt, which had been built in the second half of the 17th century, stood in that location. In 1744 it was refurbished by the director of the Hofbauamt, Emanuel Teles Count Silva-Tarouca, to become his palace; it was therefore also known as Palais Taroucca. The building was later taken over by Duke Albert of Saxen-Teschen who used it as his residence. He later brought his graphics collection there from Brussels, where he had acted as the governor of the Habsburg Netherlands. He had the building extended by Louis Montoyer. Since then, the palace has immediately bordered the Hofburg. The collection was expanded by Albert's successors. The collection was created by Duke Albert with the Genoese count Giacomo Durazzo, the Austrian ambassador in Venice. In 1776 the count presented nearly 1,000 pieces of art to the duke and his wife Maria Christina. Count Durazzo, who was the brother of Marcello Durazzo, the Doge of Genoa-wanted to create a collection for posterity that served higher purposes than all others: education and the power of morality should distinguish his collection. In the 1820s Archduke Charles, Duke Albert and Maria Christina's foster son, initiated further modifications to the building by Joseph Kornhäusel, which affected mostly its interior decoration. After Archduke Charles, his son Archduke Albrecht then Albrecht's nephew Archduke Friedrich, Duke of Teschen lived in the building. In early 1919, ownership of both the building and the collection passed from the Habsburgs to the newly founded Republic of Austria. In 1920 the collection of prints and drawings was united with the collection of the former imperial court library. The name Albertina was established in 1921. In March 1945, the Albertina was heavily damaged by Allied bomb attacks. The building was rebuilt in the years after the war and was completely refurbished and modernized from 1998 to 2003. Modifications of the exterior entrance sequence, including a signature roof by Hans Hollein were completed 2008, when also the graphics collection finally reopened. Media related to Albertina, Vienna at Wikimedia Commons. Some pictures of the repository. Audioguide of the introduction. Authority control. Categories: Art museums and galleries in Vienna. Palaces in Vienna. Culture of Vienna. Buildings and structures in Innere Stadt. Printmaking. Hidden categories: Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia. Coordinates on Wikidata. Wikipedia articles with VIAF identifiers. Wikipedia articles with LCCN identifiers. Wikipedia articles with ISNI identifiers. Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers. Wikipedia articles with BNF identifiers. Wikipedia articles with NLA identifiers. Personal tools Not logged in. Talk. Contributions. Create account. Log in. Namespaces. Views. Search Navigation Main page. Contents. Featured content. Current events. Random article. Donate to Wikipedia. Wikipedia store. Interaction Help. About Wikipedia. Community portal. Recent changes. Contact page. Tools What links here. Related changes. Upload file. Special pages. Permanent link. Page information. Wikidata item. Cite this page. Print/export Create a book. Download as PDF. Printable version.
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